The Pearl is the oldest and most valuable gemstone since ancient civilization. It is believed that Pearl is a symbol of the moon and has the magical power of bringing prosperity and long life. The pearl is a gift of nature which man cannot improve.


The Pearl is a hard object produced within the soft tissue of a living shelled mollusk. The Pearl is composed of Calcium Carbonate in minute crystalline form like the shell of a clam. The ideal Pearl is that which is perfectly round and smooth but may occur in other shapes (Baroque Pearls). Now- a- days most of Pearls are cultured which means that a foreign material is surgically implanted into a mollusk and left to grow layer of shimmering nacre. It takes 2-4 years to grow saltwater Pearls and 2-7 years for freshwater Pearls.
Pearl farming is called “Periculture”.

Chemical Composition:

As the Pearl is primarily made of Calcium Carbonate, it is dissolved in vinegar. Calcium carbonate is susceptible to even a weak acid solution because the crystals of calcium carbonate react with the acetic acid in the vinegar to form calcium acetate and carbon dioxide.

Special Features:

1. Pearl is the only gemstone made by living animals.
2. Every Pearl is unique. There is no similarity/resemblance between two Pearls.
3. Pearls take their colour from the inside of the shell in which they are grown. They range from white to gold and purple to black.
4. There are seventeen different types of Pearls under the categories of natural, cultured and imitation
5. All Pearls have some imperfection.
6. Cultured freshwater pearls can be dyed blue, green, pink, yellow, brown, black or purple.
7. Saltwater pearls are generally found in round shape, the most common shape of pearls. Freshwater pearls come in variety of shapes i.e. round, oval etc.
8. There are eight basic shapes of pearls: round, button, drop, semi-round, baroque, circled, pear and oval. Perfectly round pearls are most valuable one.

Freshwater & Saltwater Pearl:

It is very difficult to differentiate the pearls with regard to the source they come from by simply seeing, as fresh water and saltwater pearls may sometime look quite similar.

Saltwater pearl grows within pearl oyster which lives in oceans. Saltwater pearl oyster is generally cultivated either in protected lagoons or volcanic atolls.

So far as freshwater pearl is concerned, it forms in various species of freshwater mussels live in ponds, lakes, river etc. Freshwater pearl mussels occur both in hotter as well as in colder climate. Most of the freshwater cultured pearls which are available in the market today come from China.

Healing properties:

1. Pearl betokens charity, innocence faith.
2. It augments personal integrity and helps to provides a focus to ones attention.
3. Pearl is also known as ‘Stone Of Sincerity’. It symbolizes purity, sincerity and brings truth.
4. It also prohibits biosterous behavior.

5. Pearl has the capacity of treating digestive disorders and soft organs of the body.
6. It relieves conditions of bloating and biliousness.
7. Pearl increases fertility and eases childbirth/delivery.
8. The colour of Pearl plays a vital role. It changes the function

subject to its colour as mentioned below :

a) White Pearl brings fame;
b) Pearl with a blush hue brings a good future;
c) Red tinted Pearl makes the wearer inter-alia intelligent
d) Pearl with yellow luster brings prosperity.

1. Dirty
2. Broken
3. Having no gleam of circulating water
4. Black or copper in colour
5. Odd in shape
6. Having holes, dents or spots.

Pearl Jewellery